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A New Fight Against Mosquito Driven Viral Diseases By Infecting Mosquito With Bacteria

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a new fight against mosquito driven viral diseases by infecting mosquito with bacteria

Every year millions of people get infected by mosquitos and spread of viral diseases like Dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, break-bone fever, and Zika. The reasons behind the increase in the growth of mosquitos are open storage of water, rain stored water, Uncleanliness, etc. Around many years the average growth of mosquitos is rising. Vaccinations are available for different diseases but have some side effects on the human body. Now there is a way found by the director of the impact assessment team for the World Mosquito Program, Mr. Cameron Simmons.

Instead of finding and killing the mosquitos like an old method, Infect the mosquitos by bacteria to have better control over the growth of mosquitos — the technique of infecting mosquito by bacteria called Wolbachia. Wolbachia is a gram-negative bacteria that infects arthropod species, and it is found naturally in many insects. When this bacteria placed in the genes of the mosquito, it passes into the next generation. The significance of this bacteria, especially in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes is, it blocks Aedes aegypti against transmitting arboviruses. It does not prevent the population growth of mosquitos but prevents diseases like dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, and Zika. But this method does not work with Malaria.

So, In this way, the diseases can be prevented across the world as Brazil found more than 2 million cases last year. Hence, Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes being deployed at two different places. After testing this method within these places, results are going to examine. So the method can apply across various countries in the world. The Wolbachia method successfully has undergone the test in Indonesia, and results found as a 75% reduction occurred in Dengue Infected community within three years.

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