Researchers at the University of Liverpool discovered a new technique to obtain clean energy. According to their study, laser techniques can be used to obtain cheaper, high, and clean quality of fuels and energy. Replacing use of fossil fuels is need of an hour today as their consumption has led to its extinction. Burning of those fossil fuels helps to convert carbon dioxide into energy-rich carbon monoxide by-product.
With the help of a laser technique, this conversion can be made easier and efficient than the traditional fuel conversion process. A joint study conducted by the researchers at the Chemistry department of the University of Liverpool, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and Beijing Computational Science Research center found how laser spectroscopy can be used to reduce carbon dioxide.
Researchers applied the technique called as “Vibrational Sum-Frequency Generation (VSFG) spectroscopy” integrated with several electrochemical experiments to find chemical properties of a catalyst known as Mn(bpy)(CO)3Br (Carbonyl bipyridyl complexes built on manganese). This catalyst is one of the best electrocatalysts to reduce the intensity of carbon dioxide.
Scientists observed some of the changes taking place at the surface of the electrode, which was unnoticeable in earlier experimental results. Cowan Group and colleagues studying at the University of Liverpool conducted several experiments to develop a technique for the production of a maintainable source of energy.
Dr. Gaia Neri, a researcher at the University of Liverpool said, “This is a colossal challenge to study chemical reactions of electrolytes in situ. It shows discrimination between a single layer of short life molecules at the surface of the electrode and noise from the adjacent inactive molecules in the electrolyte solution.”
“This study could pave a way for the researchers to understand how electrocatalyst work. It gives them an idea about how electrochemical CO2 can be converted into clean fuel technologies”, he further added. After successful innovation of this technology, researchers will head towards another trending and sensitive technique that could develop a new detection system and calculate improved signal-to-noise ratio.