Over 100 million American residents have type 2 diabetes (prediabetes). These conditions develop in a particular process, everything we eat breaks down in the body so that the body can use these raw materials to carry out its daily functions like breathing, moving, thinking, and many more. When carbohydrates are consumed from foods like starchy veggies, fruits, grains, sweets, and beans, those carbohydrates break down into glucose, which is the prime source of energy for the cells. For that primary source of energy to reach the cells, the pancreas pumps out insulin. The pancreas delivers glucose to the cells, where it is being used for energy. If the glucose is delivered to the cells but isn’t being utilized for energy, it’s stored in the muscle/liver cells as glycogen & then used late.
In some situations, the cells become less receptive to insulin. In this case, glucose gets stuck in the bloodstream. In this scenario, the pancreas pumps out more insulin to get that energy to the cells. Eventually, the pancreas can’t keep pumping more insulin, the glucose remains in the bloodstream since the cells are not responding, & the blood sugar rises above the normal levels. In both diabetes & prediabetes, the sugar levels are high than average, but the main difference between these two conditions that prediabetes risk can be reduced with the adoption of a healthy eating plan, some daily activities, & weight loss.
Studies suggest that for diet, foods like whole grains, fruits, vegetables, beans, seeds & nuts, which is a green diet, it helps improve the sensitivity of the insulin, this helps the cells to respond to the insulin. Also high in polyphenol compounds foods like coffee, tea & extra virgin olive oil, lower risk of type 2 diabetes. Also, an exercise of 150 minutes/weak is enough. Activity helps cells to respond to insulin. When fitness is done with fun, it fits into the daily schedule easily; it will become a habit; this will help the sugar level healthy. If there is a need for weight loss, losing it a little bit, i.e., 6% to 8% of your weight, will help the cells to be responsive to insulin well. This will also help to keep the sugar levels in a healthy range & will prevent prediabetes from progressing into diabetes.